Evaluation of the
ASYCUDA++ Project in Jordan
mandatory evaluation of JOR/96/004
"Computerization of Customs Procedures and Data for Improved Revenue
Collection" took place between August 1 and August 13, 1999. The
Evaluation Team was composed of two international consultants from UNDP
and UNCTAD respectively, and a national consultant from the Government
Jordan. All three consultants were first briefed at the UNDP/Jordan
Country Office, and subsequently by the Project Director.
I of the project started September 1997 as a pilot project to
computerize three project
sites, namely Customs Headquarters in Amman, Queen Alia International
Airport and Amman Customs House. At the time of the evaluation ASYCUDA
operational at the Customs Headquarters and at the airport. According
to plans, Amman Customs will follow in September 1999. All Customs
are lodged electronically by brokers using Direct Trader Input.
The development objective of the Project is to
improve the economy of the country by strengthening the capacity of the
to generate customs revenue through the provision of an efficient
service to the trading community.
The Project Document contains (5) immediate objectives, which are:
- to secure the collection of customs revenue and improve the
efficiency and effectiveness of customs operations through ASYCUDA++;
- to strengthen the Government’s capacity in the formulation
and implementation of effective economic and fiscal policy through
accurate and timely data;
- to strengthen the institutional capacity of the Customs Department;
- to enhance the Department’ capabilities in disseminating trade related information to relevant users; and
- to provide standardized data extraction from ASYCUDA++ to serve as management information on international trade.
SOME FINDINGS OF THE EVALUATION TEAM
the implementation of the Project, a number of measures were taken to
documents and data prior to their automation under the ASYCUDA system.
Examples include the integrated Customs tariff, the Single
Document (SAD) and the adoption of risk management techniques. Contact
between the brokers and the operational Customs staff has been
- Success Indicators: There are several indicators that the
Project was successful, and the expected impacts attained. These can be
- Time of release:the green lane declaration takes on average 2 hours.
- Revenue collection: the revenue has stayed constant despite significant reductions in duty rates.
- Trade statistics:trade statistics are more complete, accurate, and up-to- date.
- Simplification and increased transparency:
- Integrated Customs Tariff
- Single Administrative Document
- Risk Management Techniques
- Direct Trade Input
- Separation of brokers from Customs offices
- Consolidation of preferential taxes
- Capacity building:Training and transfer of technology and know-how was achieved.
First and foremost, high-level
policy support and commitment is necessary for this kind of project,
entirely new system is implemented. This was evidenced by the decision
taken by the Customs Department to place its most senior and
personnel in the ASYCUDA++ Project Management and operational posts;
Secondly, it is essential that
other Government Ministries involved in international trade make every
reduce the burdens they place upon the business community. This will
allow the economy of the country to gain maximum benefit from the
Customs clearance procedures, which have been introduced as part of the ASYCUDA++ project;
Thirdly, in a project of this complexity, thorough testing must precede the live implementation of the
Fourthly, the timing of training and procurement activities must be properly planned in order that the host
country gains the maximum benefit;
Fifthly, in the design of projects
intended to bring about fundamental changes in the way organizations
their business, no effort should be spared to understand both the
intended and unintended consequences of these changes and to prepare
those who will
be affected by the changes to cope with them more successfully.