One of the more important instruments for development of modern Customs processes is the International Convention on the simplification and harmonization of Customs procedures, commonly known as the Kyoto Convention. It consists of 31 Annexes, each of which contains basic principles for Customs processes such as clearance for home use, exportation, transit, postal traffic and passenger facilitation.
The International Convention on the Simplification and Harmonization of Customs procedures (Kyoto Convention) entered into force in 1974 and was revised and updated to ensure that it meets the current demands of governments and international trade. The WCO Concil adopted the Revised Kyoto Convention (RKC) in June 1999 as the blueprint for modern and efficient Customs procedures in the 21st century. Once implemented widely, it will provide international commerce with the predictability and efficiency that modern trade requires. The RKC entered into force on February 3, 2006. At present there are 98 Contracting Parties to the RKC.
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