about icon


The ASYCUDA Programme

Home iconDevelopment Context

Why an efficient and effective Customs administration is essential to the welfare of any country:

  • It benefits the national economy by collecting revenue
  • It assists the Government in implementing national and international policy
  • It protects the country by combating fraud and the illegal trafficking of prohibited and restricted goods
  • It provides the statistical information on foreign trade transactions essential for economic planning
  • It encourages international trade.
  • Home iconObjectives

    The ASYCUDA programme is directed at reforming the Customs clearance process, and has the following aims:

  • To speed up Customs clearance through the introducing computerization and simplifying procedures, thereby minimizing administrative costs to the business community and the economies of countries.
  • To increase Customs revenue – which is often the major contributor to national budgets¬ – by ensuring that all goods are declared, that duty/tax calculations are correct and that duty/exemptions, preference regimes, etc. are correctly applied and managed
  • To produce reliable and timely trade and fiscal statistics to assist in the economic planning process as a by-product of the Customs clearance process.
  • An important objective of ASYCUDA projects is to implement the systems as efficiently as possible with a full transfer of know-how to national Customs administrations at the lowest possible cost for countries and donors. Projects also introduce international standards, including UN/EDIFACT, and the active cooperation among ASYCUDA user countries further increases mutual benefits.

    Home iconFeatures

    ASYCUDA is a computerized Customs-management system that covers most foreign trade procedures. The system handles manifests and Customs declarations, accounting procedures, and warehousing manifest and suspense procedures. It generates detailed information about foreign trade transactions that can be used for economic analysis and planning. The ASYCUDA software operates on various types of hardware in a client/server environment. Transaction and control data are stored on a relational data base management system. It takes into account all international codes and standards relevant to customs processing as established by ISO, WCO and the United Nations. ASYCUDA can be configured to suit national characteristics such as individual Customs regimes, national tariffs, Customs regulations and legislation, and after the initial configuration it remains fully flexible so as to adapt to any changing Customs regimes, regulations and legislation. It also provides for electronic data interchange between traders and customs administrations using UN/EDIFACT rules. The ASYCUDA implementation strategy has been developed to respond to the challenge represented by such a complex reform programme. It aims to ensure the full transfer of know-how in order to ensure national long-term sustainability. At the same time it requires strong national commitment at all levels and it provides for continuous progress evaluation. Project activities are carried out in the following three phases:

    1   Preparation

    The preparation phase begins with an assessment of the current situation. The national team, together with the international advisers, identify areas needing reforms such as introducing international codes, streamlining and simplifying clearance procedures, aligning forms to international standards, and modernizing the national Customs law to conform to the Kyoto Convention. While some of these reforms can be introduced early in the project, others need to be established through legislation and may take much more time to introduce. During this phase, technical and functional ASYCUDA implementation courses are delivered to build up the national implementation team and to prepare the psychological foundation for them to develop a sense of ownership of the system.

    2   Pilot

    The pilot implementation phase includes preparing the national ASYCUDA configuration, i.e. the coding of the tariff and the related regulations and legislation, the data entry of the control tables (e.g. declarant codes and addresses, customs office codes), and preparing valuation and selectivity systems. Computers for the pilot offices (normally headquarters, an airport, a seaport, a land boundary and an inland clearance office) are installed and tested to confirm that the configuration of the system meets the requirements of the national regulations. The reform activities initiated in phase one are continued as necessary. A work plan is drawn up for implementing the system throughout the country (phase 3), together with an estimate of the resources required. A large ASYCUDA familiarization training programme for customs staff and trade users is delivered during this phase.

    3   Roll-Out

    The roll-out phase can be implemented by the national team with little or no assistance from international experts if the transfer of skills and know-how was successfully completed during the first two phases. This phase is much more of a logistic challenge than an intellectual problem: it requires the physical preparation of all sites to be computerized, a large amount of training based on the model training course of phase two, and the technical installation and support of computer systems in the identified sites. The configuration of the Customs software will simply be copied from the appropriate pilot sites.
    The first two phases have a minimum duration of 18 months and will only succeed with strong political commitment and support from the highest levels, and with the full-time availability of a competent and motivated multiskilled national team of Customs and technical staff.

    Home iconResults

    The impact of ASYCUDA projects can easily be measured through the increase in the yield of Customs revenue, the availability of reliable trade statistics and the reduction in average clearance time. The case studies posted on the website provide illustrations of some of the benefits. Results may vary from country to country according to the extent of high-level commitment to reform of the Customs system that the implementation of ASYCUDA requires.
    More than 100 countries worldwide have adopted ASYCUDA, 75% of which are using or migrating to the latest version of the system. With 51 operational projects, including 7 regional and interregional projects, the ASYCUDA programme UNCTAD’s largest technical cooperation initiative.